Weight loss can be an effective way to prevent and manage complications of diabetes. Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects how your body uses glucose and can lead to serious health problems if uncontrolled. Being overweight or obese is a major risk factor for developing type 2 diabetes and can also increase the risk of complications for those already living with the condition. Humble weight loss can help to improve blood glucose control, and overall health and reduce the risk of complications for those with diabetes.
It is important to remember that weight loss should be accomplished using a healthy, long-term strategy that includes a balanced diet and regular exercise. Crash diets and other drastic weight loss techniques can be harmful to diabetics and may make blood sugar control worse.
The evaluation and diagnosis of diabetes involve several tests and examinations and are typically performed by a healthcare professional, such as a primary care physician, endocrinologist, or diabetes specialist.
The following are the key steps in evaluating and diagnosing diabetes:
- Medical history: The healthcare professional will take a detailed medical history, which may include questions about family history, symptoms, lifestyle habits, and any other health conditions.
- Physical exam: A physical exam may be performed to check for signs of diabetes or related complications, such as high blood pressure or nerve damage.
- Urine tests: Urine tests may be performed to check for ketones, which are byproducts of fat breakdown that can indicate uncontrolled diabetes.
- Additional tests: Additional tests may be performed to check for related complications, such as eye exams to check for diabetic retinopathy or kidney function tests to check for diabetic nephropathy.
Here is how weight loss can help prevent diabetes complications:
- Improved insulin sensitivity: Insulin resistance is a common feature of type 2 diabetes, and losing weight can improve the body’s sensitivity to insulin. This means that the body can use insulin more effectively to regulate blood sugar levels, reducing the risk of high blood sugar and associated complications.
- Lower blood pressure: High blood pressure is a common complication of diabetes, and weight loss can help to reduce blood pressure levels. This can help to protect against cardiovascular complications such as heart attack, stroke, and kidney disease.
- Reduced inflammation: Inflammation plays a role in the development of many diabetes complications, and weight loss can help to reduce inflammation in the body. This can help to reduce the risk of complications such as nerve damage, eye disease, and heart disease.
- Improved lipid profile: People with diabetes are at increased risk of high cholesterol and triglyceride levels, which can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. Weight loss can help to improve the lipid profile by reducing cholesterol and triglyceride levels, reducing the risk of cardiovascular complications.
- Improved quality of life: Diabetes can significantly impact a person’s quality of life, and losing weight can improve many aspects of daily living. This can include improved mobility, reduced pain, and increased energy levels.
The management of diabetes involves a combination of lifestyle changes, medication, and regular monitoring to help keep blood sugar levels in a healthy range and prevent or delay complications.
If you have diabetes, consult your doctor at North Houston Diabetes Institute to learn the significance of weight loss.